Environmental issues are currently engulfing almost the entire world and the world is rapidly being affected by these changes. Floods, storms and torrential rains have wreaked havoc. All of these problems are the result of individual shortcomings, and developed industrialized countries have a large share in the growing environmental problems.
Climate change is not only changing the duration of the seasons, but also affecting the planet’s water system and agriculture. Another major problem is global warming, which is changing the natural form of the atmosphere. Rapid changes in the natural environment are causing glaciers to melt as temperatures rise. By the way, life on earth will be reduced.
Pakistan is among the top ten countries facing environmental problems. According to a 2019 report by the German environmental think tank Think Tank, climate change in Pakistan has killed nearly 10,000 people in the last two decades and the latest damage to the country’s economy is estimated at 3.8 billion, according to a recent report by German watchdog. Pakistan is among the countries most affected by climate change, according to the Global Climate Risk Index 2020 report. According to the report, Pakistan ranks fifth among the countries most affected by climate change during the 20 years from 1999 to 2018.
Pakistan has experienced a number of natural disasters in the last ten years, including the worst floods, rains and heatstroke, after which it has been predicted that if it does not develop an effective strategy to tackle climate change in the near future, the country may suffer from drought because we are running out of water reserves, while rising temperatures are a major threat to the survival of thousands of frozen membranes in Pakistan. On the other hand, due to climate change, the country’s agriculture and agricultural production is also being affected
According to a recent survey conducted by an international organization, Pakistan is not prepared to deal with the effects of climate change because it does not have the resources or trained personnel to deal with the worst of climate change.
Our concerned agencies have also expressed concern that Pakistan will face extreme heat in the coming times but we have not made any preparation to deal with it and we have suffered the consequences of this incompetence in the year 2015 in the form of a deadly heatstroke in Karachi.
In addition, Pakistan has been facing another environmental problem for the last four years. The smog that falls in the months of October and November creates a strange cooling in the atmosphere due to which the cold starts to increase in these two months.
The smog is believed to be caused by the smoke from the large number of firecrackers fired during the Diwali festival in India. On Diwali, when firecrackers are set off everywhere, the smoke that distorts the ozone wave stays in the upper atmosphere, which keeps the smog in the atmosphere for many days.
Now that India is our neighbor and its borders meet most of our areas, the smog in Pakistan’s Punjab province in these two months may be due to environmental pollution.
At present, the effects of climate change are a bigger threat to Pakistan than the war, but unfortunately the relevant institutions of Pakistan have remained silent spectators or keep crying for lack of funds. As if they have no interest in it.
The city of Gardens, Lahore, has been declared the most polluted city in the world by an air quality monitor, as residents choking in acrid smog plead with officials to take action.
One of a citizens told me that “Children are experiencing breathing diseases … for God’s sake and pleaded the authorities to find a solution to the problem.”
“We are poor people, can’t even afford a doctor’s charges,” said another citizen.
He told me, “We can only plead with them (the government) to control the pollution. I am not a literate person, but I have read that Lahore has the worst air quality and then comes India’s Delhi. If it continues like this, we will die.”
I have also found that the people were afraid of bringing their children out due to hazardous smog and have restrained them inside the house.
When approached, experts say that deforestation should be stopped immediately to prevent environmental problems, but it is not being implemented.
Even now, if our political leaders and relevant institutions do not adopt an effective strategy, it is expected that the problems arising from climate change could prove disastrous for the country. And besides, these changes are a huge threat to human lives, affecting our young children.